Completed Projects

Completed Projects

Research and Documentation project

Creating Intellectual Heritage

Thillai Rajan A, IIT Madras

Start-ups and its financing have been an area of policy importance for the Government of India in recent years. The thrust of the government policy making can also be seen in the impact – India has emerged as one of the largest as well as fastest growing start-up ecosystems in the world. In this research and documentation project, it is proposed to trace the Start-up policy evolution and how it has emerged as one of the important pillars for the government. While Start-ups also remain as an area of interest for the various state governments, this documentation and research would largely focus on the “Start-up Program” of the Government of India. The research would be conducted mainly through a detailed analysis and study of various secondary sources, archives and policy documents pertaining to Start-up India. However, given the thrust for documenting the intellectual underpinnings behind this policy imperative, we would also be conducting telephonic interviews with key administrators and members of the government who were part of developing the Start-up Policy over the years. Furthermore, we would also be analysing the impact of the policy based on data obtained from various sources.

Research Study

An Analysis of the Angel Investments in Indian Startups

A. Niroopa Rani, IIT Madras

Angel investments are increasingly getting specialized. In recent years, start-ups are raising pre-seed funding before seed-stage funding. Investors in pre-seed and seed-stage companies commonly are angel investors. Majority of the angel investors prefer syndicated investments than standalone investments for the benefits that are brought in by the investors in terms of finance and diversified value-added services. But an index that gauges the robustness of the angel investments syndication by capturing its multi-dimensional aspects is not yet seen. Further, though India being third largest startup ecosystem of the world, the literature on angel investments are at very nascent stage. Hence this study aims to address these gaps by analysing the differences between these two groups of angel investors, by developing a composite syndication index encompassing multi-dimensional aspects of the syndication, factors driving the angel investment decision, in the context of Indian startups.

Research Study

Startups and Incubators (Entrepreneurship)

Abhishek Gupta, IIT Madras

Incubation has emerged as an important area for policymakers. Having a sound understanding of the evolution of start-up and incubation ecosystem journey over the years can help set policies and best practices for the future. Moreover, improving the effectiveness of incubators would therefore help in the success of more start-ups. The performance of incubators and the factors that affect the performance of incubators is therefore a topic of important policy interest. This study analyzes the performance of incubators hosted in higher educational institutions (HEIs) as they generate and collect knowledge, offer scope for innovation, ideation, and commercialization for venture creation among all diverse stakeholders of incubators.

Research Study

Venture Capital Valuation, Structuring and Exits

Ramesh Kuruva, IIT Madras

Three critical aspects of venture capital investments are valuation, security selection, structuring, and exit. Valuing a new venture with limited information is always difficult. The process of valuing a venture and writing contracts between VC and Entrepreneur is an intensive process. Since India receives a significant pile of capital inflows, tax implications in VC investments need be considered. The VC hopes to design a contract that reflects the firm's true value, protect investments on the downside, and reflects all of this in the exit returns. It's fascinating to learn about start-up valuation and the signals that VCs consider before investing. The information asymmetry in venture capital investments has been extensively explored. Securities and the capital structure enable entrepreneurs and investors to optimise their incentives. Contracts, in particular, mitigate downside risk for investors. Given the tax implications, security selection and structuring is a critical component of venture capital investing. These risk mitigation strategies should reflect in the returns when they exit from the venture.

Research Study

Exploring the nuances of women entrepreneurship in India

Jasmine Banu, IIT Madras

Entrepreneurship helps women to realize their potential and fulfill their dreams by providing them earning opportunities, improving the standard of living of their family which ultimately has implications for society. Women entrepreneurs are increasingly contributing to the economic growth of the nation worldwide, still their representation in entrepreneurship is meagre in India. Government of India (GOI) has taken enormous efforts towards women empowerment and entrepreneurial development by introducing several schemes under the Ministry of Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs). Yet many such sponsored development activities have failed to reach all sections of women. While such schemes and support from institutions have given women much-needed economic empowerment, it is largely observed that women entrepreneurs have to confront several personal, familial, societal, and cultural obstacles. So, there is a constant need to investigate the reasons (drivers) for the under-representation of women in the entrepreneurship domain which is one of the objectives of our research and identify the factors that contribute to their business performance. This study also seeks to explore the work-life balance of women.